History Timeline

HISTORY

1830 – 1840 – By the 1830s Ngāti Tama had established settlements in at least four regions – Taranaki, Poneke, Te Tau Ihu o te waka a Māui and Wharekauri.

1860s – Following the refusal by Wiremu Kīngi Rangitāke to sell the Pekapeka lands to the Crown, the Crown declared a state of martial law in Taranaki. The Crown built two military redoubts on Ngāti Tama ancestral land during these campaigns at Pukearuhe and Wai-iti. Both were built on wāhi tapu.

1865 – Unable to acquire the land by force, the Crown took it by legislation. The confiscation of 27,400 hectares of land in Ngati Tama rohe was taken both from people who had fought against the Crown, and those who had not.

1866 – Compensation Courts were set up to identify “non-rebels”, and to make awards of land to them.

1882 – The West Coast Commission recommended the return of a small amount of land to Ngāti Tama, but by this time, the Crown had awarded almost all of the productive land in Ngāti Tama rohe to military settlers. Ngāti Tama were left with insufficient agricultural land for their needs. When Ngāti Tama supported the Parihaka campaign of peaceful resistance, they also suffered at the hand of the Crown.

1882 – the Native Land Court ruled against Ngāti Tama in favour of Ngāti Maniapoto on two large land blocks north of the confiscation line.

1927 – A Royal Commission of Inquiry was established to assess whether the confiscation of lands in 1865 was excessive. The Commission found that Taranaki Māori “ought not to have been punished by confiscation of any of the lands”.

1944 – The Crown passed the Taranaki Lands Claim Settlement Act

1955 – without consultation with iwi, an annual payment to the Taranaki Māori Trust Board of five thousand pounds was granted, and purported to settle land claims in Taranaki forever.